Blue Origin, the name that refers to the blue planet, Earth, as the point of origin is an American privately funded aerospace manufacturer and spaceflight services company set up by Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos, an Internet entrepreneur, with its headquarters in Kent, Washington. The company comes with a motto "Gradatim Ferociter" in Latin, that when translated simply means "Step by Step, Ferociously". Blue Origin is developing a variety of technologies, with a focus on rocket-powered Vertical Takeoff and Vertical Landing (VTVL) vehicles for access to suborbital and orbital space. Blue Origin also comes with a long-term vision of making an increase in the number of people that fly into space in order to enable humans to continue their exploration towards the solar system.
What Does Blue Origin do?
In the year 2000 shortly after Bezos was credited with the title of the Time's Person of the Year for his work on the Internet he turned his focus to space and very secretively founded a company called The Blue Origin, which aimed at developing a vertical-landing rocket ship and vertical-takeoff that could transfer its passengers into suborbital space.
The somewhat secretive space company is currently working on a suborbital crew capsule and is also developing technologies that will help enable private human access to space with the goal to increase reliability and dramatically lower costs as well. It is impossible to overstate or ignore the significance of Blue Origin’s achievement as this very Reusable rocket technology will reduce the cost of going to space by a huge factor as till date space travel has been prohibitively expensive. " Space travel has been very expensive as It involves the equivalent of throwing away and replacing a passenger jet after every flight." Says Bezoz. While Blue Origin is involved with a suborbital rocket, the achievement claimed by Blue Origin is still an enormous step taken forward in making space travel affordable and available to a huge mass. Blue Origin is employing an incremental approach from suborbital to orbital flight, with each step of its development, building on its previous work.
Blue Origin is also involved in conducting tests under NASA's Commercial Crew Program (CCP), which intends to bring into space new private American crewed vehicles. (Space Exploration Technologies, which is also known as SpaceX and is developing the Dragon spacecraft, is also known to be a beneficiary of the program.
When we come to talk about its aims, future plans and all that it is working on currently,
The aim of the company was to launch a spacecraft called New Shepard, a ship that was named after the first American to fly in space in 1961-Alan Shepard. The spacecraft has a propulsion section that boosts the ship for the first 2.5 minutes of flight as well as a crew module in addition that can hold three or more astronauts.
It is also credited with many launch Vehicles a few among which include: Blue Origin's First Flight Test Vehicle- Charon(2005), Goddard, Also known as PM1(2006), New Shephard Suborbital System. It is also involved with Rocket Engine Development like BE-3, BE-3U, BE-4, Pusher escape motor.
Moving on. towards what is aims to do in the near future and what are its long terms plans, As stated by Blue Origin- The company's long-term goal is to do orbital flights, with the use of reusable first stage instead of one that is expendable. "Each mammoth vehicle that is thrown away after a single use contributes to the staggering cost of spaceflight," the company said.
The company also further, plans in the launching of New Glenn orbital launch vehicle- The launch vehicle, whose the design work on the vehicle began in 2012, is a 7.0-metre (23 ft)-diameter, two- or three-stage orbital launch vehicle that is expected to launch before 2020. The first stage that is reusable just like the New Shepard suborbital launch vehicle that preceded it. will be powered by seven BE-4 engines, that are designed and manufactured by Blue Origin itself. The second stage, and an optional third stage for some flights are both intended to be expendable.
The high-level specifications for the vehicle were publicly announced in the year 2016.
What's left to see is if Blue Origin succeeds in its mission of reducing space cost on a broad scale as Jeff Bezos and Blue Origin have now shone a light on the path forward in the same context.
Official Link: Blue Origin